Origine - Publication
to Peer Ubiquities
Vidal - Vincent Mabillot
read by Vincent Mabillot for the AOIR 5.0
of Sussex, Brighton, Falmer, UK
(the XXX are the place for future illustrations)
speak is a part of an analysis we after a study about peer to peer
(P2P) community that we did a couple of yea ago.
I give you the main results of this study. After I'll talk about three categories
of ubiquity that we identified in P2P uses. P2P users are engaged at
the same time or during their uses in many levels of ubiquity: one we called
the cyberubiquity (to act here and perform on the net), the second is
multitasking ubiquity (using different types of computer tools or cimmunication
devices at same time), and last, the multiP2P networks ubiquity (the
competence of users to be on different networks at the same time).
to peer users
In our study, we
noticed four kinds of roles in P2P communities.
The expert users,
that we also call sometimes, sentinel users. In their communities they are
specialize in P2P technologies, they follow the evolotution of P2P Networks
and anticipate crisis. They Generaly going on developpers forums, news sites
and frequent P2P expert users communities. Their share directories are frequently
invisible for non buddies users.
The second type of users
are animators: We can also use the term of moderators, but animators
is better because they activate the life of a community. They are communication
links and facilitators beetween users. They promote their favorites network
and ask to each other where to go when a network shut down. They create
chat room, website and help newbies. They generally had a big sharing directory.
Muchmore you find files on a network, much more you promote it as an Ali
Third type of users are average
users: They easely using P2P technology. They are principally here to
collect files. For a lot of them, it' s
an opportunitisc system to find files for free. In this part of the community,
you may find sometimes lechers, but if they are identified as lechers, communitu
keeps them out. Lot of average users contribute to the network with selected
directories, files shared is like an exchange money. They go on chat and
messenger devices to optimise their use and keep contact with C.
- Last users and newbies. They don'
t really understand how it works. They are
here because someone tells them that it' s
an easy way and an eldorado to download files. When they discover parallel
chats, they go on to learn how to use the software and how to find file. It'
s the beginnig of an addictive use. XXX
We also notice a superposition of communities
as we saw with expert users. Many users belong to differents communities (XXX)
and their roles could change in each way. We' ll
meet example in the following of my speech.
Real user (actor) and computing presence (character).
The synchronicity of P2P device
allows a kind of ubiquity where you act in front of the computer and perform
as a character as/in the network stage. We notice three types of ubiquity :
- The ombilical ubiquity : people
living out of their countries or far of their communities find with P2P a
system to keep a link with their affective roots.
- "Mardi gras"
presence : they are using P2P
presence as a mask, behind their nicks their could perform different personalities
and have an opportunistic behavior due to the facilities to anonymize their
- Contribution presence : it'
s an ideological position taking roots in
Internet original utopia : a sharing world. The P2P softwares are an easy
way for non-geek to contribute themselves (with their share directories) to
universal resources. (XXX)
Ted Welson asked us this question
: What can we do with a computer that can' t
be done with paper ?
Multitasking is maybe a part
of the answer. It' s the hability to
have parallel task. It' s the capacity
to share attention, presence, in different uses concerning or not the same goal.
We identified 3 types of multitasking ubiquity :
Optimization of computer
activity : instead of watching for their down and up loads, average
users do something else.
Multi internet users
: during exchange, users chat around, visit websites, do emails, use instant
messenger, with different goals : occupation but also to find help, to have
fun and to prevent crisis. You can note that first P2P popular software
(Napster) includedchat or messaging system. And after the first crisis,
Napster' s users began to exchange
ICQ or MSN ID.
- Diversion : It' s
a subversive use of multitasking operating system. Lot of users do P2P at
work, because connection is better than their own. And their mask their P2P
activities with real or fake & politically
correct application. (XXX)
Multi P2P networks
Now we concentrate our observation
on a specific multitasking use. When users run different P2P networks at the
: in boulimic behavior certain users are on different networks to find
quickly a file with search engine before talking with other users.
: average users use different network four their properties and their specific
communities. Example : French users go on e-mule to find Dvix, Soulseek
or Kazaa to find music.
To prevent crisis
: when news telling a network should sht down, users test other networks
to transfer their practices and their communities.
The consequences are the growth
of P2P protocols to resist to majors attack and the adaptive behaviour of users.
And if at the beginning there are team or company behind P2P protocol, centralize
severs net and client software, we notice an evolution with an atomisation of
the code development and the logistic organization. (XXX)
So what P2P
ubiquities reveal internet uses, social behaviour and ideology.
an automediated knowledge
management of collaborative tools and cultural resources : people are
learning themselves how to work, exchange with online synchronous collaborative
tools. They are training friendly their mind to new form of cooperation
in their works and their "real"
They develop alternative
archiving strategies : "a
chaotic archive" with a strength
: biggest source catalogue and weakness : the impermanence. But it'
s a good introduction to Hakim Bey'
s concept of temporary Action Zone.
And my last
conclusion is that P2P uses redefine internet users as contributors,
not only as targetd consumers. (XXX)
for your attention.